Relations between Germany and the reign of Mikls Horthy collapsed in 1944, when Horthy tried to negotiate a peace agreement with the Soviets and get out of the war without Germany`s approval. Horthy had to abdicate after German commandos led by Otto Skorzeny held his son hostage as part of Operation Rocket Launch. After Horthy`s abdication in December 1944, Hungary was reorganized into a totalitarian regime called the government of national unity led by Ferenc Szélasi. He had been Prime Minister of Hungary since October 1944 and Chairman of the Hungarist Arrow Cross Party. Its jurisdiction was practically limited to an increasingly narrow area in central Hungary, around Budapest, since the Red Army was already far away in the country by the time they took power. Nevertheless, the rule of the arrow cross, however ephemeral, was brutal. In less than three months, Arrow Cross`s death squads killed up to 38,000 Hungarian Jews. Officers of the arrow cross helped Adolf Eichmann reactivate the deportation procedure, which had so far spared the Jews of Budapest, and sent about 80,000 Jews from the city on slavery data and even more directly into death camps. Most of them died, many of whom were murdered after the fighting ended.   A few days after the government seized power in Szali, the capital of Budapest was surrounded by the Red Army of the Soviet Union. German and Hungarian troops tried to stop the Soviet advance, but failed.
After heavy fighting, Budapest was taken by the Soviets. A number of pro-German Hungarians withdrew to Italy and Germany, where they fought until the end of the war. 32 A new review was sponsored by the tripartite powers. In the first issue of Berlin-Rome-Tokyo (often written in German, Italian and Japanese), an object of negotiations described the mission of the new nations and emphasized their common purpose and harmonious relations. The play ended with a map of Eurasia, on which superimposed lines linked the countries participating in the following series of agreements: 1. Conclusion of the German-Japanese anti-communist agreement: 25 November 1936 2. Italy`s accession to the German-Japanese anti-international agreement: 6. 3. Japan-Hungary cultural agreement concluded: 15 November 1938 4. Conclusion of the German-Italian cultural agreement: 23 November 1938 5. Conclusion of the German-Japanese cultural agreement: 25 November 1938 6. Conclusion of the German-Spanish cultural agreement: 24.
1939 7. Manchuku`s accession to the anti-international convention: 24 February 1939 8. Hungary`s accession to the anti-international convention: 24 February 1939 9. Conclusion of the Italian-Japanese cultural agreement: 23 March 1939 1939 10. Spain`s accession to the Anti-International Convention: 27 March 1939 See « The Mission of Young Peoples/The Mission dei popoli giovani », Berlin-Rome-Tokyo, 1, 1, 1 (15 05 1939): 11.Google Scholar The South Sea mandate were territories granted to Japan in 1919 in the First World War peace accords, which awarded Japan the German South Pacific. Japan received it as a reward from the Allies of the First World War when Japan was allied with Germany at the time. June 1940, after the Battle of France, the German army invaded Paris. On 16 June 1940, Pétain became the last Prime Minister of the Third French Republic.